Chemical elements
  Silver
    Isotopes
    Energy
    Production
    Application
    Physical Properties
    Chemical Properties
      Silver fluoride
      Silver subfluoride
      Silver chloride
      Silver subchloride
      Photohalides
      Silver bromide
      Silver oxybromide
      Silver subbromide
      Silver iodide
      Silver hypochlorite
      Silver chlorite
      Silver chlorate
      Silver perchlorate
      Silver bromate
      Silver perbromate
      Silver iodate
      Silver periodates
      Silver suboxide
      Silver monoxide
      Higher oxides
      Silver subsulphide
      Silver sulphide
      Silver sulphite
      Silver sulphate
      Silver selenide
      Silver telluride
      Silver thiosulphate
      Silver dithionate
      Silver azide
      Silver hyponitrite
      Silver nitrite
      Silver nitrate
      Silver phosphides
      Silver hypophosphate
      Silver orthophosphate
      Silver pyrophosphate
      Silver metaphosphate
      Silver arsenite
      Silver arsenate
      Silver carbide
      Silver carbonate
      Silver cyanide
      Silver thiocyanate
      Silver borate
    PDB 1aoo-3kso

Silver azide, AgN3






Hydrazoic acid reacts with Silver nitrate, forming the Silver azide, AgN3. It is also produced by the interaction of silver nitrite and hydrazine sulphate in aqueous solution:

AgNO2 + H2NNH2 = H2NN: NOAg + H2O = AgN3 + 2H2O.

A solution of sodium azide gives with Silver nitrate a greyish precipitate of silver azide. The salt crystallizes in white needles, melting at 250° C., and is exploded energetically by percussion or by exposure to green light. It is suitable for use as a general primer.

Berthollet's " fulminating silver " is produced by addition of alcohol to a concentrated solution of Silver monoxide in ammonium hydroxide. It forms small, black crystals, exploded by friction, and soluble in potassium-cyanide solution. It probably has the formula NAg3 or NAgH2; and it has no connexion with silver fulminate, C:NOAg.


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